Distillation is a process in which a liquid
or vapour mixture of two or more substances is separated into
its component fractions of desired purity, by the application
and removal of heat will be richer in the components that have
lower boiling points. Therefore, when these vapours are cooled
and condensed, the condensate will contain more volatile components.
At the same time, the original mixture will contain more of the
less volatile material.
The word, "sandalwood" in English, or "chandan"
in Hindi, evokes a world of ancient mystery, sanctity, and devotion.
The first aroma of sandalwood oil is enough to produce a life
long affection for the scent. It truly call up deep, amazing,
unexplainable feelings about India and her sacred heritage. Curiosity
about the world surrounding this divine scent led to the exploration
of sandalwood groves deep forest merged with three states Karnataka,
Tamilnadu and Kerala.
The most valuable part of the sandalwood tree is the scented heartwood.
If the tree establishes itself in a favorable location it will
begin forming the heartwood after 10 years of growth. At that
point the girth of the tree will be about 9 inches and its height
10 feet. After 20 years the heartwood begins to form rapidly and
reaches its prime in the 50-60 year range at which point the tree
will be about 2-3 feet in girth, and up to 60 feet high. The trees
having reached this stage and considered ripe for harvest are
uprooted not cut, as the roots are highest in oil content.
The Heart wood and Roots of the Sandalwood is first Chopped in
the Band saw machine and further chipped and pulverized to the
cores powder. The cores powder will be taken for distillation
and it will be distilled 6-9 days to get the oil.